62. Formatting a hard drive
partition larger than 32 Gigs with FAT32
in, intentional limitation of Windows XP is that it will only create FAT32 (the
older file system seen in Windows 9X\ME operating systems) partitions up to 32GB
in size. If you have a disk larger than that and you wish to format it with
FAT32, your only choice is to create multiple partitions of 32GB or less. There
is an option however. You can use a boot disk from an older version of Windows
such as Windows 98 or ME to partition the drive into one large FAT32 partition.
Windows XP will then be able to use the space.
obtain the necessary boot disk files at www.bootdisk.com
the ME or 98 disk image, then use the FDISK utility to partition the drive and
the FORMAT utility to format it with FAT32. See PCstats' hard drive installation
article for details on how to complete these tasks.
63. Finding your IP address
and other information with IPCONFIG
find you need to quickly discover your computer's current IP address, or other
information related to your networking setup, the easiest way to do this is to
go to the command prompt
other things, this will give you the name of your computer, your current IP
address for all network adaptors, as well as the default gateways and DNS server
64. Update your machine automatically.
your machine updated with the latest Microsoft patches and bug fixes can be
considered an essential task involved in owning Windows XP. On one hand, it's a
pain, and there's something to be said for the school of thought that claims
that Microsoft's operating systems are unnecessarily complex and full of
security holes and flaws.
other hand, XP's internal complexity makes it externally simpler to use,
certainly it's easier than Windows 2000 to get to grips with. Also, the fact is
that the world works with Windows, meaning that all those nefarious and
non-nefarious hackers out there are targeting Windows simply because of its
popularity, not because it is any less inherently secure than alternative
operating systems. Microsoft is simply trying to keep up with the work of
thousands… But I digress; there is an easier way to update your box.
your copy of Windows XP to update itself automatically: Right click on 'my
computer' and select the 'automatic updates' tab.
automatic updating, choose either of the first two choices in the 'update
notification' section. You can either have XP search for and download updates
automatically, and only prompt you when you need to install them, or it can
prompt before downloading so you can pick the updates you want.
automatic updating is turned on, XP will periodically check for updates over the
Internet. If your computer is not connected to the internet, the system will be
unable to update automatically.