41. Do a Windows repair install
are having serious performance issues with your XP system, or are getting
repeated crashes and/or error messages, it could well be a problem with Windows
XP's system files. If one or more of these files has become corrupted, or if the
hardware configuration of the computer has changed significantly since you first
installed Windows XP, performing a repair install may well be the ticket to
resolving your problems.
installation re-writes all essential Windows XP system files and re-detects all
hardware without affecting the registry, current desktop settings or user data
stored on the hard drive. This is the only way short of a full installation that
can recover from errors caused by installing a different motherboard in an XP
system, for example.
To perform a repair installation:
system from your XP CD.
the 'press enter to set up Windows XP now' option.
to skip through the EULA (though if you haven't read it before, you should now.
See our legal article for details as to why.
R to begin a repair installation.
system will go through the entire XP install process, but will not attempt to
replace any of your existing data. It will simply reinstall the vital system
files, fixing any that are corrupted or missing.
42. Stop hard disks spinning down
default, Windows XP spins down all hard drives after 20 minutes of inactivity to
save power. This can cause significant delays when it is necessary to access the
drives after this time. To increase performance and reduce wear and tear on your
drives, disable this feature in Windows XP's power options.
'start/control panel/performance and maintenance/power options.'
'turn off hard disks' drop down box to 'never.' Click 'ok.'
43. Reduce recycling bin reserved space
default, Windows XP reserves 10 percent of each hard drive to store deleted
files in the recycling bin. This is a bit excessive. Actually it's a lot
excessive, unless you habitually delete files a gigabyte in size or more.
Fortunately, there is an easy way to reduce the amount of hard disk space that
is reserved for the recycling bins on each drive.
click on the recycling bin and select 'properties.'
the 'global' tab.
slider shows the percentage of each drive that is reserved by the recycling bin.
Reduce this to a more appropriate amount, like 2-3% or more depending on the
size of your drives. The larger the drives, the smaller the number you should
use. If you wish to configure each drive independently, check the 'configure
drives independently' button and adjust the slider to the desired amount in each
of your hard disk's tabs. The advantage to doing things this way instead of
using the 'global' setting is that you can see the actual amount of space on
each drive that is being reserved.
files larger than the recycling bin's capacity on a given drive are deleted for
good. Windows XP will warn you when this condition occurs.