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Beginners Guides: Unattended Windows 2000/XP Installations

Beginners Guides: Unattended Windows 2000/XP Installations - PCSTATS
Abstract: Make a customized Windows XP Install CD with all the drivers included, that installs by itself.
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Filed under: Beginners Guides Published:  Author: 
External Mfg. Website: PCstats Dec 21 2004   Mike Dowler  
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Step 4: Adding RAID/SATA text-mode drivers

This step is optional; if your system does not have a RAID or serial ATA hard drive controller, or you do not use them, skip it. This method will work with almost all simple RAID/SATA controllers such as the ones commonly included on desktop motherboards and add-in PCI controllers. It may or may not work with 'business class' RAID adaptors, depending on the model.

If your system uses a RAID or Serial ATA controller to operate your hard disks, the Windows install process cannot 'see' these disks without the proper drivers for the RAID or SATA controller. Normally you would press 'F6' immediately upon starting the install, which informs the system that you are using a disk controller that needs drivers. The install process would then pop up a request for the drivers on a floppy disk. Once the drivers are provided, the installation continues as normal.

If you don't have a floppy drive though, or want to perform an automated, unattended install of Windows XP, you need to find another way of providing the necessary drivers to the install process.

Before you do anything else, you need to make sure that your RAID or SATA controller recognizes the drives that are plugged into it. Observe the RAID/SATA BIOS screen during bootup for information. If your drives are not being found, consult your product documentation for instructions. Once the drive controller has recognized your hard drives, we can continue.

In this step, we will download the necessary drivers for your RAID/SATA controller and integrate them into the Windows XP source files so they load automatically after the CD boots.

Step 4A: Copying SATA/RAID drivers into the Operating System files

First, download or copy the drivers for your SATA/RAID controller into a subfolder within the 'bootcd\drivers' folder. If they are in a zipped file, extract them. Many driver packages contain subfolders for each operating system, so navigate to the correct one for your OS.

You need at least four files, the .sys, .inf, .cat files and the txtsetup.oem file. The 'txtsetup.oem' file may be in a different location than the rest of the files, but there should only be one. There may well be additional files present, and these should also be included in the following procedure.

Now navigate to the 'bootcd\working' directory and create a folder called '$OEM$'. Inside the $OEM$ folder, create a folder called '$1'. Inside the $1 folder, create a folder called 'drivers.' Next create a folder within the 'drivers' folder named for your SATA/RAID controller ('fasttrak' for example).

The $OEM$ folder and its contents are used to store additional drivers and software that are to be added to Windows during the install process.

Copy and paste all driver files you downloaded earlier into the 'bootcd\working\$OEM$\$1\drivers\(SATA/RAID controller name) ' directory you just created. This will allow these drivers to be accessed by the setup process, once we make a few more changes.

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Contents of Article: PCstats Guides
 Pg 1.  Beginners Guides: Unattended Windows 2000/XP Installations
 Pg 2.  Step 1: Copying the source files to your hard drive
 Pg 3.  Step 2 Con't: Installing the service packs
 Pg 4.  Step 3. Windows Setup Manager
 Pg 5.  — Step 4: Adding RAID/SATA text-mode drivers
 Pg 6.  Step 4B: Modifying Winnt.sif for driver installation
 Pg 7.  Modifying txtsetup.sif - Part 2
 Pg 8.  Modifying txtsetup.sif - Part 3
 Pg 9.  Step 5: Adding plug-and-play drivers to the CD
 Pg 10.  Step 6: Extracting the boot image and creating a custom boot CD
 Pg 11.  Burning a bootable CD con't
 Pg 12.  Troubleshooting the customized Windows XP unattended install CD

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