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How Motherboards Are Made: A Gigabyte Factory Tour

How Motherboards Are Made: A Gigabyte Factory Tour - PCSTATS
Abstract: PCSTATS takes you on a guided tour of Gigabyte's Motherboard Factory in Taiwan. There's a lot to producing and testing a single motherboard; a mind-boggling host of automated machines, people and processes. Gigabyte has several other factories in Taiwan and mainland China that each manufacture motherboards, videocards, and other products.
Filed under: Beginners Guides Published:  Author: 
External Mfg. Website: Gigabyte Aug 28 2008   Mike Dowler  
Home > Reviews > Beginners Guides > Gigabyte

Manual Assembly (DIP) Line

Despite what you might imagine, people are still very much a necessary part of manufacturing motherboards, and not just for testing and Quality Assurance either. The next step in bringing these bare PCB motherboards to life involves a manual assembly line where all the components that need to be plugged into the pre-drilled holes in the board are added.

Every plug and I/O interface is added at this point, from the PCI slots to the CPU socket to the back panel connectors. As well as slots and sockets, capacitors also require anchoring at the bottom of the board, so they are added during this step too. These parts are not soldered to the board during this step, but are simply plugged in, in assembly line fashion.

PCstats Gigabyte Factory Tour
Manual assembly line... Long manual assembly line!

PCstats Gigabyte Factory Tour
Each worker adds one or more specific components to each board

PCstats Gigabyte Factory Tour
Look how a new component appears at every station

PCstats Gigabyte Factory Tour
Placing capacitors

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Contents of Article: Gigabyte
 Pg 1.  How Motherboards Are Made: A Gigabyte Factory Tour
 Pg 2.  Entering the Motherboard Factory
 Pg 3.  First steps in Motherboard Manufacturing
 Pg 4.  SMT Assembly Line
 Pg 5.  SMT Process Continues
 Pg 6.  Pick and Place Chipsets
 Pg 7.  Convection Ovens for PCB
 Pg 8.  In-Circuit Testing and Visual Inspection
 Pg 9.  Gigabyte's Enormous Automated Warehouse
 Pg 10.  SMT Automated Reel Storage
 Pg 11.  The Expensive Goods
 Pg 12.  — Manual Assembly (DIP) Line
 Pg 13.  Installing Sockets and Ports
 Pg 14.  Wave Soldering
 Pg 15.  Flowing Over The Molton Solder
 Pg 16.  Buffing and Cleaning
 Pg 17.  Testing Stage 2: Full Hardware Tests
 Pg 18.  Automated Testing Platforms
 Pg 19.  Testing Stage 3: Burn In
 Pg 20.  Final Motherboard Packaging

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