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Beginners Guides: Linux Part 1: Getting Familiar

Beginners Guides: Linux Part 1: Getting Familiar - PCSTATS
Abstract: Since its creation in 1991 by Linus Torvalds to the present day, Linux has been half operating system and half symbol. PCSTATS introduces you to Linux in this, the first part of a 3-part series focusing on Linux.
Filed under: Beginners Guides Published:  Author: 
External Mfg. Website: PCSTATS Apr 21 2008   Mike Dowler  
Home > Reviews > Beginners Guides > PCSTATS Beginners Guides

Your 'home' Directory

The most important thing to get used to when working with a new operating system is where your personal files are stored. With Linux in general, all user's personal directories are contained within the '/home' directory.

In the case of Knoppix, a single user 'Knoppix' is created, meaning your personal directory is '/home/knoppix.' You can access this easily by opening the 'K' start menu and choosing 'home (personal files).'

Now, since we are using a 'live' version of Linux, designed to be usable on any system anywhere, by default your hard disk is write protected, and all data you create is stored in the computer's main memory. This means that your data will be lost when you power down the system unless you save it to some sort of removable media like a CD-R, floppy or USB drive.

Knoppix, like most current Linux implementations, can seamlessly read from Windows XP FAT32 and NTFS partitions. Unfortunately, the NTFS file system presents writing difficulties to most incarnations of Linux, including Knoppix; more on this later.

As we've mentioned, your hard drive is currently set to 'read-only' mode, meaning you will not be allowed to create, delete or change files on it, only open and view them. Let's look at how to set write permission on your drive so you can save files there.

Setting write permission on your hard disk(s)

If you want to be able to save files on your hard disks, simply right click on one of your hard drive partition shortcuts (hda1, hda2, hdb1, etc.) and select 'actions/change read write mode'. If your hard disks are currently formatted with the NTFS file system, it's not a good idea to do this (and it probably won't work.) A better method is to create a permanent home directory on a piece of removable media like a USB flash drive.

Creating a permanent Knoppix home directory

You can create a permanent home directory on a USB flash drive easily with Knoppix. This procedure allows you to easily store and carry files you create on Knoppix, making the whole 'portable operating system' idea truly practical.

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Contents of Article: PCSTATS Beginners Guides
 Pg 1.  Beginners Guides: Linux Part 1: Getting Familiar
 Pg 2.  Is Linux is the same as Windows then?
 Pg 3.  Linux KDE Desktop
 Pg 4.  Major Linux differences take 1: The file system
 Pg 5.  Various folders
 Pg 6.  — Your 'home' Directory
 Pg 7.  Knoppix home directory
 Pg 8.  Setting up network connections with Knoppix Linux

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