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Beginners Guides: Linux Part 2: Installing a PC

Beginners Guides: Linux Part 2: Installing a PC - PCSTATS
Abstract: We'll look at SUSE Personal 9.1 and explore the process of installing Linux onto your hard drive as a full operating system.
Filed under: Beginners Guides Published:  Author: 
External Mfg. Website: PCSTATS Apr 18 2008   Mike Dowler  
Home > Reviews > Beginners Guides > PCSTATS Beginners

Part 2: Getting your Linux 'legs'

If you read our introductory Linux article and experimented with Knoppix, you should be somewhat familiar with the operation of the KDE desktop that you are now looking at.

First things first; let's get our bearings so you can see where your drives and files are. Nothing's worse than using an unfamiliar OS and not knowing where to go to access your data.

SUSE organizes the KDE desktop in a slightly different way than Knoppix does, as you can see. Instead of your drive icons being available on the desktop, they are now tucked away inside an icon with a familiar name, 'My Computer.' Click this icon to open it up.

As you can see, Your CD and floppy drives (if you have them) are displayed here, along with any Windows partitions that are present in your computer. What's not shown though, is your Linux partition, the one you are currently using to boot SUSE Linux. Let's track this drive down and find the most essential location, your home directory.

Finding your 'home' directory

The home directory is the location on your Linux partition where all your documents and user data will be stored by default. It's equivalent to the 'my documents' folder in Windows XP. Every user you create in your SUSE Linux installation will have their own home folder. All of these folders can be found in the Linux VFS (Virtual File System) under the location '/home'. If your user name was 'bob' for instance, you could find your home directory by opening up Konqueror and typing '/home/bob' in the address bar.

A far easier way though, is to use the built in shortcut on the toolbar at the bottom of the screen. Next to the green SUSE 'start' button is a picture of a building. Hovering your cursor over it will give you 'personal files'. Click this icon now to open up your home directory.

There are several folders in here, but the ones we need to concern ourselves with now are 'desktop,' 'documents' and 'mail'. The desktop folder holds any files, folders and links that appear on the KDE desktop, just as the 'c:\documents and settings\username\desktop' folder holds them in Windows XP. The 'documents' folder is a handy place for storing your files and data, and the 'mail' folder holds your various mailboxes, allowing you to access them outside the default Kmail mail client (which we'll get to a little later).

So, to sum up: When storing documents or files, save them to the '/home/(your username)/' directory, or the '/home/(your username)/documents' directory. You can then access them using the 'personal files' icon on the taskbar.

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Contents of Article: PCSTATS Beginners
 Pg 1.  Beginners Guides: Linux Part 2: Installing a PC
 Pg 2.  Booting and Partitioning
 Pg 3.  Viewing and modifying partition information
 Pg 4.  Customizing software packages
 Pg 5.  Network Configuration
 Pg 6.  Downloading and Patching
 Pg 7.  Creating User Accounts
 Pg 8.  — Part 2: Getting your Linux 'legs'
 Pg 9.  System administration with root password
 Pg 10.  Configuring the Desktop and Internet
 Pg 11.  Shared files and folders over a network
 Pg 12.  Customizing SUSE: Locating your options
 Pg 13.  Open Office and other Applications

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