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Beginners Guides: Linux Part 3: Installing New Software

Beginners Guides: Linux Part 3: Installing New Software - PCSTATS
Abstract: Linux is free, relatively easy to install, but what about software? How do you add programs and software in an environment that isn't based on the familiar rules of the Microsoft Windows world?
Filed under: Beginners Guides Published:  Author: 
External Mfg. Website: PCSTATS Apr 16 2008   Mike Dowler  
Home > Reviews > Beginners Guides > PCSTATS

Installing packages in SUSE 9.1 using YaST

Most of the top Linux distributions incorporate some form of graphical package manager to make installing and using new programs easy for Windows-accustomed users (and anyone else as well). SUSE 9.1 Linux is no exception, and as you might have guessed if you read our previous article on installing Linux, it uses the versatile YaST (Yet Another Setup Tool) program to install RPM packages. Let's take a look at how this procedure works.

One of the most popular application types that SUSE 9.1 is missing is any sort of file-sharing application. We can understand why SUSE would want to leave this out, but it's something that many users still need. Let's take a look at the process of installing Xnap, a Java-based file-sharing program that uses the OpenNap network and others via plugins.

The first step in the process is to download the RPM file for Xnap. You can get it here. SUSE 9.1 will download this file into your '/home/(username)' directory by default. Now that we've downloaded an RPM formatted file, click on your Home directory icon in the SUSE taskbar and locate the file.

Click on the file to open it up.

This screen uses the Konqueror browser to give you a brief preview of what the package contains. The most important thing here is to go to the 'files' tab and make a note of the location of the binary file that will run the program. In this case it is the '/usr/bin/xnap' file. You will find that the majority of Linux software stores its binary or executable files in the '/usr/bin/ directory'. Make a note of this, as YaST does not automatically create a link to the program once it is installed in the way that a Windows installer would. You are going to have to do this manually.

Our next step is to install the package using YaST. Click on the rather descriptive 'install package with YaST' button.

Once the YaST package installer opens up, (to what should be a rather blank screen) click the 'check dependencies' button at the bottom of the screen. You should end up with a clean bill of health stating 'all package dependencies are ok.' If the Xnap package found that your Linux installation was missing some software that it needed to work, the YaST program would inform you of this at this point, leaving you to track down the missing components. More on this later.

Since we have everything we need to install Xnap, hit the 'accept' button.

YaST will now go through the process of installing the Xnap program files and updating system files wherever necessary.

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Contents of Article: PCSTATS
 Pg 1.  Beginners Guides: Linux Part 3: Installing New Software
 Pg 2.  — Installing packages in SUSE 9.1 using YaST
 Pg 3.  Finding newly installed program and creating a shortcut
 Pg 4.  A quick look at package types
 Pg 5.  Removing Unwanted Programs with YaST

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