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Beginners Guides: Website Hosting With Apache

Beginners Guides: Website Hosting With Apache - PCSTATS
Abstract: Apache has been around since 1995 and is the main alternative to Microsoft's Internet Information Server (IIS) web hosting technology.
Filed under: Beginners Guides Published:  Author: 
External Mfg. Website: PCSTATS Apr 11 2006   Mike Dowler  
Home > Reviews > Beginners Guides > PCSTATS

Can anyone host a website?

Before we go any further in this article, we should mention that many Internet service providers consider hosting a website on a personal Internet connection to be a violation of the user agreement. This is especially true of cable-based service providers. In many cases though, a personal website with a small amount of traffic is not an issue. Check the terms of your service contract before hosting a website on a personal internet connection in order to avoid unpleasant surprises later on.

Understanding IP addresses and DNS

In order to understand the rest of this article, the function of IP and DNS addresses must first be grasped. If you feel know these subjects already, feel free to skip to the next part of this Beginners Guide.

IP addresses: a computers' digits

An IP address is the computer's address on whatever network (including the Internet) it happens to be on. Having a valid IP address allows a PC system to send and receive data over a network correctly. This address takes the form of four sets of decimal numbers, 0-255, for example:

192.168.5.45

Each network adaptor installed in a computer must have its own IP address, so it's quite possible for a PC to have more than one IP address. To look at a computer's IP address(es), open the command prompt (start\run and type 'cmd') then type 'ipconfig'.

As we can see here, the IPCONFIG command shows three values for each IP address; the address itself and a subnet mask and default gateway. The subnet mask is used to separate each IP address into a host and a network portion. The host portion of the address indicates the computer's exact address within its network, while the network portion indicates the network the computer belongs to.

All computers with the same network portion of an IP address can communicate with each other provided there is some way to transfer signals between them.

The Subnet Mask (of Zorro)

A subnet mask is shown in the same format as the IP address (for example 255.255.255.0). As far as this Beginners Guide is concerned, assume that the values of the 4 sets of numbers in the subnet mask can be either 0 or 255.

Sets with the value of 0 indicate the host portion of the IP address, and sets with the value of 255 indicate the network portion. For example, with an IP address of 192.168.3.25 and a subnet mask of 255.255.255.0, the network portion of the address would be '192.168.3', and the host portion would be '.25'. This means the computer assigned this address is host 25 within the 192.168.3 network.

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Contents of Article: PCSTATS
 Pg 1.  Beginners Guides: Website Hosting With Apache
 Pg 2.  — Can anyone host a website?
 Pg 3.  A Networks' Default Gateway
 Pg 4.  Acquiring a DNS Domain Name (URL) for a Website
 Pg 5.  Configuring firewalls for website hosting
 Pg 6.  Creating a Virtual Server
 Pg 7.  Part 2: Installing and using Apache Web server
 Pg 8.  Apache Status and Services
 Pg 9.  Basic Apache configuration
 Pg 10.  Domain and Server Name

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