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Gigabyte GA-P55-UD5 Intel P55 Motherboard Review
Gigabyte GA-P55-UD5 Intel P55 Motherboard Review - PCSTATS
Gigabyte's GA-P55-UD5 socket-1156 motherboard is an enthusiast grade Intel P55 Express platform with a ton of extra features packed into it. Along with the obvious support of Intel Core i5 and Core i7 800-series socket 1156 processors, the GA-P55-UD5 board features three physical PCI Express x16 2.0 slots that support both ATI Crossfire and NVIDIA SLI.
 83% Rating:   
Filed under: Motherboards Published:  Author: 
External Mfg. Website: Gigabyte Jan 29 2010   J. Apong  
Home > Reviews > Motherboards > Gigabyte GA-P55-UD5

Intel P55 Lynnfield System Architecture

Up until now the Intel system architecture has traditionally consisted of a three chip solution; processor, memory controller hub (MCH) also known as the Northbridge chipset, and I/O controller hub (ICH) commonly called the Southbridge chipset. This CPU-Northbridge-Southbridge arrangement happily survived many years of upgrading intact. Yet as memory speeds increased, CPUs gained extra processing cores and videocards grew more powerful, the interconnects that allowed all these components to communicate increasingly became swamped with data. The solution Intel implemented was to move the memory controller from a discreet chipset directly onto the processor itself - a technique that AMD had opted for several years prior with its Athlon 64 processors.

An integrated memory controller was introduced for the Intel platform with the high end Core i7 'Nehalem' processor about a year ago. By moving the memory controller onto the CPU, Intel simplified its platform to the processor-southbridge architecture we see today.

The Intel Core i5 'Lynnfield' P55 platform follows in these footsteps. Here's a block diagram to illustrate the differences between legacy Intel platforms (left) and the current "Lynnfield" platform (right) that underpins the Core i5 processor and Intel P55 Express chipset. The main difference is that tasks previously handed by the Northbridge chipset are now rolled into the Core i5 processor proper.

Intel's P55 Express chipset integrates both the memory controller and sixteen PCI Express 2.0 lanes on to the die of the "Lynnfield" CPU. The P55 Express Platform Controller Hub has eight further PCI Express lanes at its disposal. This shift in the PCI Express graphics sub-system doesn't have a huge impact on end-users, most P55-based motherboards still have two or three PCI Express x6 videocard slots that can be run in (x16/x4) or (x8/x8/x4) mode, the only change is that now the first two slots are handled directly by the CPU.

Intel P55 Express. It replaces the P45 Express and Intel ICH10 pairing.

For gamers, both NVIDIA SLI and ATI CrossfireX multi-videocard technologies are supported by Intel P55 Express chipset, though implementation varies with each motherboard. Socket-1156 "Lynnfield"-compatible motherboards are DDR3-exclusive, and support memory speeds from DDR3-800 up to DDR3-1333, with overclocking going all the way up to DDR3-2000+ in some cases.

Since Intel's P55 Express doesn't have too many roles left to do (since graphics and memory communication are now handled by the CPU), it actually doesn't need a very fast link to the processor. Instead of equipping the Intel P55 express chipset with a complex and expensive-to-produce QPI link, Intel has instead selected a slower 2.0GB/s DMI link for the Intel P55 Platform Controller Hub to communicate with the processor. Both northbridge and southbridge have been merged into what Intel is now calling the P55 Platform Controller Hub.

Storage and media interface capabilities are pretty similar to that of Intel's well-known ICH10R southbridge, which include support for fourteen USB 2.0 ports, six SATA 3Gb/s ports with support for RAID 0/1/5/10 and Gigabit Ethernet.

Intel's LGA 1156 CPU Socket

Intel Core i5 and Core i7 800-series processors use a new LGA 1156 socket that is not backwards compatible with socket LGA775 Core 2 processors. Let's take a quick look at the socket 1156 on the GA-P55-UD5 motherboard.

This is the Core i5 socket 1156 - notice anything different?

The LGA1156 socket is a physically different shape than previous 775/1366 processor sockets so there won't be an issues with mistakenly installing an older chip into it. It's not compatible with any socket 775 heatsink either. The four holes around the CPU socket are spaced a little bit differently so they will NOT line up with socket 775 mounting brackets. Heatsink and fan manufacturers rejoice, people will need to buy entirely new coolers because of this.

Like LGA775 processors, the LGA1156 Core i5 chips are pinless.

For whatever reasons, Intel LGA775, LGA1156 and LGA1366 heatsink mounting hole spacings are all a bit different (72mm, 75mm and 80mm on center respectively). The same injection molded plastic Intel C33389 reference fastener is used on all three thermal solution systems, so we don't understand why Intel didn't just pick a standard new size, say 80mm, and stick to that for Core i5 and Core i3 processors.

Now let's take a walk around the rest of the Gigabyte GA-P55-UD5 motherboard.

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Contents of Article: Gigabyte GA-P55-UD5
 Pg 1.  Gigabyte GA-P55-UD5 Intel P55 Motherboard Review
 Pg 2.  Gigabyte Smart 6 - Software Bundle
 Pg 3.  — Intel P55 Lynnfield System Architecture
 Pg 4.  Motherboard Highlights Photo Gallery
 Pg 5.  Overclocking the BCLK, BIOS screenshots
 Pg 6.  System Power Draw and Test System Specs
 Pg 7.  Motherboard Benchmarks: Sysmark 2007
 Pg 8.  Motherboard Benchmarks: SiSoft Sandra - Processor
 Pg 9.  Motherboard Benchmarks: Sandra - Memory
 Pg 10.  Motherboard Benchmarks: PCMark Vantage
 Pg 11.  Motherboard Benchmarks: 3DMark06, Vantage, FEAR
 Pg 12.  Gigabyte's Mainstream P55 Express Platform - Worth it?

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