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Intel Core i5 750 2.66GHz Socket 1156 Processor Review
Intel Core i5 750 2.66GHz Socket 1156 Processor Review - PCSTATS
The Intel Core i5 750 processor is a mainstream quad-core CPU that promises enthusiast-level performance for the masses. The Core i5 750 is part of Intel's most recent generation of socket 1156 processors which include not only the Intel Core i5 700-series but also several Intel Core i7 800-series chips, codenamed "Lynnfield".
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Filed under: CPU / Processors Published:  Author: 
External Mfg. Website: Intel Oct 10 2009   J. Apong  
Home > Reviews > CPU / Processors > Intel Core i5 750

Intel Lynnfield Processor Architecture Discussed

The four execution cores you find in the Intel Core i5 700-series and the Core i7 800-series ("Lynnfield", just in case you forgot) are largely identical to those found in the Core i7 900-series ("Bloomfield") of processors.

All three lines of processors use Intel's "Nehalem" architecture, so they have 32KB of L1 cache and 256KB of L2 cache per core, and a large 8MB L3 cache that's shared between the four physical cores. All Intel "Nehalem" processors also have improvements in branch prediction and instruction decoding, which make them a bit faster clock-for-clock when compared to Intel's Core 2 Duo processors.

The Core i5 750 processor, along with Intel's Core i7 860 and Core i7 870 processors consist of 774 million transistors, occupying a 296mm2 die. This actually makes the die a little larger than Intel's Core i7 900-series of "Bloomfield' processors (731 million transistors, 263mm2 die). The extra size is due to the embedded PCI Express controller that makes up the "uncore" of the Intel Core i5 700-series and Core i7 800-series of processors.

Intel Uncore Explained

An "uncore" is all the bits on the processor die that aren't the core. If you look at the "Lynnfield" die shot above, there are four cores, a queue and 8MB of shared L3 cache which make up the "core" of the chip. It's surrounded by the "uncore", which in this case consists of the PCI Express and memory controllers.

Having a memory controller integrated onto the CPU die isn't a new concept. AMD has been doing it for years with its socket AM2 processors, and Intel followed suit when it launched the Core i7 900-series of processors in late 2008. Moving to an on-die controller not only allowed the processor direct access to memory, it also eliminated the bottleneck-prone Front Side Bus.

The memory controller for Intel's Core i7 800-series and Core i5 750-series is similar to the memory controller in a Core i7 900-series processor, but it's been modified to be more cost-effective. Like the Core i7 900-series ("Bloomfield"), it's still DDR3-exclusive, but these new processors now use more conventional dual-channel memory instead of triple-channel memory. To compensate for the reduction in channels the official supported memory speed has been increased to DDR3-1333MHz clock speeds. While this cost-cutting has some impact on theoretical bandwidth capabilities and synthetic benchmarks, for most real-world usage scenarios you won't notice the difference.

Intel's Core i7 800-series and Core i5 700-series processors takes the "uncore" a step further, and in addition to the memory controller there are also 16 PCI Express 2.0 lanes now integrated onto the die of the CPU.

The changes to the PCI Express graphics sub-system won't have a huge impact on buyers, most P55 motherboards will still have three PCI Express slots that can be run in (x16/x4) or (x8/x8/x4) mode, the only difference is that now the first two slots will be handled directly by the CPU, which will have the nice side effect of removing some system latency.

Future generations of Intel processors will integrate a graphics processor onto the CPU die as well, moving even closer to a true "system on a chip" design, where a single CPU chip will control every aspect of your computing. That one's still a few years down the line, but rest assured that PCSTATS will be keeping you up to date as the industry moves forward.

Processor Thermal Design Power (TDP) and Turbo Boost

Since the Core i5 700-series and Core i7 800-series "uncore" now has two controllers on it and the die size has grown, you'd be forgiven if you thought that their power consumption and TDP would have grown accordingly. This isn't the case.

The thermal design power (TDP) of Intel's Core i5 700-series and Core i7 800-series of processors is rated at a mere 95W. This is a huge reduction in power consumption when compared to the 130W TDP of Intel's Core i7 900-series processors. Such low power consumption and heat production mean that these CPUs have a lot of headroom for overclocking... and Intel has taken that into account with Turbo Boost.

Turbo Boost is an automatic, per-core overclocking scheme that takes advantage of "Lynnfield"'s low TDP. Through the use of an on-die thermal microcontroller, the processor can monitor how many cores are currently being put under load, how much heat and power they're using, and automatically adjust speeds to match.

The amount of overclocking you get from Turbo Boost depends on which processor you have, how many cores are being put under load, and the current temperature of the processor. The Intel Core i5 750 processor being used in this review has a base speed of 2.66GHz. With three or four cores active it can Turbo Boost up to 2.8GHz, and with one or two cores active it can Turbo boost up to 3.2GHz.

Turbo Boost is the great equalizer that bridges the gap between dual-core and quad-core performance. Dual-core processors have typically been able to reach higher speeds than quad-cores, because more cores drew extra power and generated extra heat, limiting clockspeeds. This made dual-cores better suited for gaming and other single-threaded tasks, while quad-cores tackled highly parallel tasks like video encoding. Intel's "Lynnfield" processors change all of this, delivering intelligent overclocking that balances performance based on need.

Of course, the Core i5 750 processor can still be overclocked the traditional way as well, PCSTATS will be getting to that in just a page or two. For now though, let's take a look at how much juice an Intel Core i5 system really uses...

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Contents of Article: Intel Core i5 750
 Pg 1.  Intel Core i5 750 2.66GHz Socket 1156 Processor Review
 Pg 2.  Building a Core i5 PC system?
 Pg 3.  Intel Core i5 / i7 Naming Confusions
 Pg 4.  — Intel Lynnfield Processor Architecture Discussed
 Pg 5.  Core-by-Core System Power Draw
 Pg 6.  Overclocking Report and Test System Specs
 Pg 7.  CPU Benchmarks: Sysmark 2007
 Pg 8.  CPU Benchmarks: PCMark Vantage
 Pg 9.  32-Bit CPU Synthetic Benchmarks: Sandra 2009 Processor
 Pg 10.  32-Bit CPU Synthetic Benchmarks: Sandra 2009 Memory
 Pg 11.  32-Bit CPU Calculation Benchmarks: Super Pi
 Pg 12.  32-Bit CPU Calculation Benchmarks: wPrime2.0
 Pg 13.  32-Bit CPU Calculation Benchmarks: ScienceMark2.3
 Pg 14.  32-Bit CPU Rendering Benchmarks: Cinebench R10, Bibble 5
 Pg 15.  32-Bit CPU Rendering Benchmarks: POV-Ray
 Pg 16.  32-Bit CPU Rendering Benchmarks: SPECviewPerf 10
 Pg 17.  32-Bit CPU Synthetic Gaming Benchmarks: 3DMark Vantage
 Pg 18.  32-Bit CPU Synthetic Gaming Benchmarks: 3DMark 06
 Pg 19.  32-Bit CPU Gaming Benchmarks: Crysis
 Pg 20.  32-Bit CPU Gaming Benchmarks: FEAR
 Pg 21.  Core i5 - King of the mainstream?

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