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The Relationship Between Overclocking and Cooling
The Relationship Between Overclocking and Cooling  - PCSTATS
Abstract: As enthusiasts attempt to reach higher clock speeds, there will eventually come a time when the temperature of the processor, memory, or some other electrical component becomes the limiting factor.
Filed under: Cooling / Heatsinks Published:  Author: 
External Mfg. Website: PCSTATS May 13 2004   C. Sun  
Home > Reviews > Cooling / Heatsinks > PCSTATS

Watercooling just works better

Watercooling continues to grow in popularity, and it should be pretty obvious why.... Water has better thermal conductivity than air, so it allows you to move more thermal energy from a heat source on a volume-to-volume basis. The key to watercooling is transferring the thermal energy from the heat source to a heat exchanger (radiator) which has a larger surface area, and then moving air through that heat exchanger to transfer it to the surrounding environment.

Example of a typical CPU waterblock: the Zalman ZMWB2.

With most computer oriented heat exchangers, a 120mm fan can be used which is a) quiet, and b) rotates much slower than a conventional heatsink fan does. Despite the complexities involved, this cooling system, if done properly, will remove more heat, more quietly, and more efficiently than a standard air cooled heatsink.

There are many factors when it comes to choosing the right watercooling parts, probably the most important is the CPU waterblock. All things being equal, a good CPU waterblock can make a big impact in terms of CPU temperatures, since absorbing the heat and transferring it to the fluid is one of the most critical factors in a watercooling system.

Next in line of importance is the heat exchanger (radiator). It is best to choose a unit that is large enough for at least one 120mm fan. I've tried out smaller ones in the past, and ultimately you'll be doing yourself a favour by staying away from heat exchangers which use 80mm fans. Small heat exchangers negate almost all the advantages of watercooling, due to the small surface area and need for louder fans.

In the watercooling test set up we'll be using for this look at the relationship between overclocking and cooling, distilled water was used as the cooling fluild. All tubing was 1/2" inner diameter (ID).

The watercooling circuit itself looks like this; Iwaki MD15-R pump -> HW Labs BIX heat exchanger with a 120mm 86CFM Delta fan -> DTek WhiteWater waterblock for the Pentium 4 CPU -> DangerDen Z-Chipset waterblock -> 1/2" ID Cleaflex60 tubing with Y-splitter to two DTek Procore heat exchangers with a 120mm 86CFM Delta fan on each -> 4L reservoir.

Experienced water coolers might ask why I chose to go from the pump to a radiator first, since this will lower the flow rate to the CPU block. The reason simple, the Iwaki MD15-R pump adds a couple of degrees (1hr, 8 degrees Celsius) to the temperature of the cooling fluid. I found this out by trial and error, and the system works best when the water is passed through the heat exchanger first before moving on from the pump to the CPU waterblock.

Standard watercooling circuits realistically only require one heat exchanger, but as I normally cool a videocard waterblock with a 172W TEC (for added cooling effect), I decided a couple extra heat exchangers would help dissipate the heat better. Again, a standard watercooling circuit only needs one heat exchanger to work. Now, let's see how this affected our overclocking results!

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Contents of Article: PCSTATS
 Pg 1.  The Relationship Between Overclocking and Cooling
 Pg 2.  Heatsinks and Air Cooling
 Pg 3.  — Watercooling just works better
 Pg 4.  Overclocking Results - Watercooling
 Pg 5.  Overclocking with Phase Change Cooling
 Pg 6.  Overclocking Results - Phase Change Cooling
 Pg 7.  Choosing the right Cooling System

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